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Kommunismi pyyhkäisi Kiinassa jumalat pois tavallisten kotien  kotialttareilta, mutta nykyään jumalat ovat palaamassa takaisin kiinalaisten arkipäivään. Kiinalaiseen jumaltarustoon on sekoittunut paljon aineksia buddhalaisuudesta ja hindulaisuudesta, mutta pohjana on myös oma varhaiskantainen uskontoperinne.

Jumalmaailmalla on tarkka ja monimutkainen arvojärjestys. Joitakin historiallisia henkilöitä on korotettu kuoleman jälkeen jumaliksi.

Communism swept the gods of China away from ordinary homes  from home altars, but today the gods are returning to Chinese everyday life. There is a lot of material from Buddhism and Hinduism mixed with Chinese deity, but it is also based on its own early religious tradition.

The world of God has an exact and complex order of values. Some historical figures have been exalted as gods after death.


























Eight immortals

Then the order of values come  Immortals who are the Three Heavenly Officials

and four heavenly ministers.Each has its own magic wand to preserve life or destroy evil.       They live on five islands that belong to the Penglai Archipelago in Shantung Province.













Three clean:


  Great Pure Honorable Old  ruler (Laotse)

  Upper Pure Honorable ruler of the forge                                                                                         Jade Pudas Mr. High

who is the ruler of heaven and earth.

Alongside her is ruled by the Empress of the West (Wangmu Niangniang).

He has the keys to eternal life.

However, these two are below the Three Pure in order of value.

Jade Emperor                                   Wangmu Niangniang

Chang Tao-Ling

Perfect immortals,

people who have reached the forge

This group includes, for example, Chang Tao-Ling, who founded the Five Dimensions of Taoism. The movement is called by this name because Chang Tao-Ling took five measures of rice from each of them as a future payment to be improved. People believed that he had gotten to know the secret of longevity that Master Laoze himself had revealed to him when he appeared.

Kitchen god


China celebrates Xiao Nian Day before the actual New Year celebration. In this case, the kitchen god is bribed in different ways. Its lips are lubricated with honey so that it would not tell negative things about the family lifestyles to the Jade Emperor. The Jade Emperor punishes or rewards people according to their actions.

When the image or statue of the kitchen god has been sufficiently credited with sweet and incense has been burned in front of it, the image is torn and a new image is placed above the stove. The new year begins and the wife of the kitchen god begins to write a new report on family life for the Jade Emperor.

Photos: Project Gutenberg

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